What is a bone graft?
When teeth are missing from the dental arch, it can cause a variety of issues for your jaw bone, healthy teeth, and overall oral health. The jaw bone needs stimulation from chewing to remain healthy, so when teeth fall out or are extracted, the jaw is at risk for atrophy. Bone grafting procedures are available to both prevent and restore the damage caused by atrophy. Your oral surgeon can place a bone graft after extraction to prevent bone deterioration. He can also place it to restore height and width to the jaw where a tooth has been missing for an extended length of time.
Bone grafting most commonly benefits patients who want dental implants but lack the bone support for successful implant placement. It is also popular among patients who are undergoing extractions and want to restore their teeth with dental implants in the future.
Types of Bone Grafting Procedures
Our doctors can perform 4 different types of bone grafting procedures—we will determine which type fits your needs during your consultation. The length of time you have been missing teeth, where teeth were in the dental arch, and the level of jaw bone atrophy are all determining factors. We will discuss all of your options when you come into the office, but you can read general information about each type of bone grafting procedure below:
- Socket Preservation. Socket preservation is designed to prevent the jaw bone from deteriorating rather than restore it after it has already atrophied. Your oral surgeon can perform a socket preservation directly after you undergo a tooth extraction. By preventing the bone loss from occurring and keeping the tooth socket in prime condition, you can later receive a dental implant without worrying about lacking bone support.
- Sinus Lift. The sinuses are located in the back of the mouth above the upper molars, and they are separated from the teeth by a very thin bone. When you are missing a tooth or teeth near the sinuses, dental implant placement is often not possible because this bone is too thin to support it. Fortunately, your oral surgeon can perform a sinus lift to supplement this bone with new bone growth and create a sturdy foundation for dental implants.
- Ridge Augmentation. The alveolar ridges are the bones that support both the upper and lower row of teeth. In some patients, these bones are smaller than average, making dental implant placement difficult. A ridge augmentation (or ridge expansion) can create a more supportive foundation for implants by increasing the height and width of the ridges.
- Major Bone Grafting. Major bone grafting is typically only necessary to treat severe bone loss; such is the case with birth defects and facial trauma injuries. In most instances, your oral surgeon can use bone from another part of your body, such as the hip, to perform the bone graft.
Bone Grafting at Mountain State Oral & Facial Surgery
If you’re interested in any of the treatments we offer, we encourage you to contact our office to see how we can help you. We have offices conveniently located in Ashland, KY, or Beckley, Charleston, Huntington, Hurricane, Kanawha City, Parkersburg, or Princeton WV.
We work closely with The Facial Center to provide a range of cosmetic services, including HydraFacial MD®, JUVÉDERM®, facelifts, and so much more! Call us or visit The Facial Center’s website to learn more.