When teeth are unable to erupt into their proper position in the dental arch, they are referred to as impacted teeth. There are many known causes of impaction, including baby teeth not falling out in time to make room for the adult tooth, teeth being too big to fit, and bone or other growth blocking the tooth’s path. Aside from wisdom teeth, canines are the most common teeth to become impacted. While wisdom teeth can simply be removed, canine teeth are too important to the development of your bite to be extracted. Instead, oral surgeons must work with your orthodontist to bring the teeth into their proper position.
The first step of treating impacted canines is visiting one of our offices in Charleston, Kanawha City, Hurricane (Teays Valley), Huntington, Parkersburg, or Beckley, WV, or Ashland, KY. One of our skilled oral surgeons will determine the level of impaction of the canines before developing a detailed and personalized treatment plan.
What causes impacted canines?
Canine teeth typically begin developing around age 10 and can finish developing any time in the next few years. The most common reasons that canine teeth experience impaction include
- Baby teeth not falling out before adult teeth begin growing in
- Extra teeth present in the dental arch
- Other teeth crowding the canine tooth’s spot in the arch
- Bone or growths blocking the canine tooth’s path
Once your oral surgeon has determined the cause of your impacted canines at your consultation appointment, he can develop a comprehensive treatment plan.
Treatment of Impacted Canines
When impacted canines are discovered while they are still in the early development stages, braces may be sufficient treatment. Braces can shift your other teeth into proper alignment and make room for the canines to be pulled down into their place. When the impaction has developed past the early stages, however, a more involved treatment may be required. Exposure and bonding is the most common treatment for impacted canines, and it involves teamwork between your oral surgeon and your orthodontist.
Patients who need an expose and bond procedure must typically still receive braces. It’s up to your braces to move your other teeth out of the way so that when it’s time for the canines to emerge, they have room to do so. Once your other teeth are in their proper position, your oral surgeon will expose the impacted tooth in the gums and attach a bracket and small chain. Your orthodontist will use this chain to pull the canine down slowly into its place in the dental arch.
In very rare instances when impacted canines are not discovered or addressed until late development stages, the roots of the canine tooth can fuse with your bone. In these cases, the tooth must be extracted. If your impacted tooth requires removal, we will discuss all of your options for tooth replacement with you, including dental implants.
Impacted Canines at Mountain State Oral & Facial Surgery
If your canine teeth are impacted, please contact one of our offices in Charleston, Kanawha City, Hurricane, Huntington, Parkersburg, or Beckley, WV, or Ashland, KY. Our staff will be happy to schedule you a consultation appointment with one of our oral surgeons. We look forward to meeting you and restoring your smile.